Mario Cucinella Architects has constructed the globe’s inaugural 3D printed home consisting wholly of raw earth. Titled ‘Tecla’, and constructed in collaboration with field specialists, the building showcases the intersection where natural materials meet technology and has just been introduced in Italy’s Massa, Lombarda area, near Ravenna.
Inspired from one of Italo Calvino’s Imaginary Cities, one eternally taking shape, the name ‘Tecla’ references the firm link between past and future blending of the materiality and spirit of ancient homes with the 21st-century world of high-tech production, according to the architects.
The building was designed with the aid of 3D printing technology, and as a result the team was enabled to build its 60 sq m area in 200 hours. The structure is wholly self supported, needs no other framework structure and can support its own weight. A minimalist approach to material usage completed the effort, and the entire home was culled from one material in a single effort – meaning that the possibility of building site complications are low, helping things move with greater speed and efficiency.
Constructed in situ with regionally sourced materials, Tecla exemplifies a zero-waste product. Local soil went into the 3D printing’s raw material; and as an added bonus, the sriking, tactile shell is totally biodegradable – proving as to how smart architecture can be eye-catching and technologically avant-garde and facilitate a low-carbon approach simultaneously.
The makeup of the earth mixture was cultivated in response to regional climatic conditions. This indicates that thermal performance has been optimised, striking a balance of thermal mass, insulation and wall ventilation in the envelope, say the architects.
The streamlined building technique is reflected in an impactful look. The home has a unified look, with the same visual style on the interior and exterior. The environment is temperate, with pleasant colourings and a tactile surface finish. The interior spaces – a living room, a bedroom and bathroom – offer custom made, built-in furnishings to align with the total look, permitting simultaneously the free, open and totally customisable space.
Fitted furniture is created as a component of the 3-D printing process, empowering residents to immediately use these residences, stated the architects. This was a valuable issue for Mario Cucinella Architects because the studio wanted to employ 3-D printing technologies to address housing emergencies, for which the quick building of TECLA houses is particularly suited, and the severe housing crisis around the country.
Image credits by Mario Cucinella Architects