Cities are important for our economic sustenance, and are vibrant places to live and work.
As governments support tech that empowers public infrastructure and services to serve booming metropolitan populations, the presence of smart cities is destined to become a multi-trillion dollar market over the next 10 years, with Asia Pacific responsible for 40% of this development by 2025.
In Australia, the Federal Government is bracing for tomorrow by investing $110 billion in transport infrastructure over a decade from 2020-21 via its rolling infrastructure strategy. Projects in progress across the nation include WestConnex and NorthConnex in Sydney, the Pacific Highway along the eastern seaboard and the Metronet passenger rail network in Perth.
While the economic problems resulting from COVID-19 might change these forecasts, infrastructure development, particularly for needed public services, will keep growing.
As more folks relocate to urban areas, the environment and standing city infrastructure is stressed, particularly when it runs counter to public transport development.
For cities to succeed, we must adopt new, innovative solutions that can facilitate the design and planning of sustainable cities and enhance the efficiency of present infrastructure.
Digital construction tools can come in handy, due to the stress we’re applying to our natural resources, the demand for smart cities must be fulfilled with fewer resources. The only way to keep up with these developments is by accessing metropolitan data and actioning it via advanced tech.
Says a InfoBrief by IDC, “Digital Transformation: The Future of Connected Construction“, the Australia and New Zealand (ANZ) construction sector is taking advantage of digital innovation, with almost 40% of companies strategising a digital transformation (DX) roadmap in the next years and 14% treating their DX roadmap as the business roadmap – a higher number than any other nation studied.
Two digital solutions set to be used in city planning and management are building information modelling (BIM) and generative design (GD).
Building Information Modelling (BIM) is an intelligent 3D model-based process that lends insights and tools to plan, design, build and oversee infrastructure and buildings that bear a lower environmental effect.
McKinsey research reflects that 75% of companies have adopted BIM reported good returns on their investments, along with more abbreviated project life cycles and savings on paperwork and material costs. According to the InfoBrief by IDC, only 16% of ANZ building companies have adopted BIM, although 34% are intending eventual investment in BIM-based workflows.
On the subject of COVID-19, BIM has become a lifesaver due to its role in the remote workplace. Cloud-based building software can be the key to rendering teams interconnected and successful.
Smart city projects are complicated, with teams from differing areas collaborating on design, planning and building to attain the finest results. BIM empowers teams to collaborate better, even when toiling in remote locations, lessening waste and guaranteeing project completion on a schedule. Research has discovered that BIM does the job better and faster.
About 30% of global waste today emanates from building. In Australia, 19 million tonnes of construction and demolition waste were processed in Australia in 2008-09. Of this, 8.5 million tonnes were disposed to landfills while 10.5 million tonnes, or 55%, were recycled.
To create a more ecoconsious planet, we need to stop relying on fossil fuels, building materials and lengthy commutes. The building industry must practice digital adoption to enhance sustainable outcomes and developments.
BIM facilitates sustainable planning, building and growth of smart cities. When data from smart electrical grids, traffic management and other applications are blended with BIM data from single structures, a digital world is formulated. Smart cities can use this data to enhance infrastructure utility, ecoconscious effectiveness and sustainability during both building and structural maintenance.
Generative Design (GD) is an artificial intelligence solution that can be applied easily into conceptualising, designing and building. GD facilitates an integrated workflow between human and computer and allows for multiple designs to be created and ranked according to their achievement of designers’ objectives.
A designer compares and studies the resulting designs against the original criteria. After selecting a design option, the designer blends this design into the host project.
GD, like BIM, makes for smarter cities with limitless options. And these days, that’s exactly what we need.